At the time of writing, it is the beginning of February and the new school year has just begun. For many families, it’s the beginning of a whole new chapter as their child starts school for the first time.
For other families, Prep is a year away, and many parents will be concerned whether their child will be ready for school in 12 months time.
When a child begins Prep, parents are often unsure as to what foundations and skills their little learner should be equipped with.
Tracey Verreynne, the Director of Early Learning at King’s Christian College, says the priority in preparing a child for school isn’t about being able to write letters and numbers.
“Our main focus for being ready for Prep is their social and emotional development,” Tracey says.
“Can they ask for help when they need it? How do they cope with change? Are they eager to learn? Can they ask questions? Can they participate in the class environment?”
At King’s, we know how important it is to adequately prepare a class of future preppies for the fun and challenging activities ahead. In light of this we have prepared a regular newsletter, “Get Ready for Prep”, that can be emailed to parents throughout the year, providing a guide and tips on ways to encourage school readiness.
“What we tell parents is that you don’t need to necessarily buy anything to get them school ready - there’s so much you can do at home,” says Tracey. “And most importantly, give them lots of time to play - it really does set them up for a more formal education when they get to Prep.”
King’s Christian College has four categories in its school readiness approach:
Social and self-care skills
Providing your child with opportunities to communicate is so important.
“We often speak for children, saying things like, ‘Do you want water?’” says Tracey. “Instead, give them opportunities to communicate more by asking, ‘What would you like to drink, or what would you like on your wrap today?’ Rather than ‘yes’ or ‘no’ questions.”
Increase their confidence and independence by having a “short and sharp” settling routine at drop-off time in their pre-school environment. “That will help them with separation anxiety when it comes to the quick drop-offs they will have once school starts,” adds Tracey.
Getting them used to other people is another way to get them more comfortable and ready for Prep. This might include grandparents, babysitters, aunties/uncles or family friends. It may only be for an hour or two while you pop to the shops, but it will reassure your child that they can cope without you and that you will return.
Enrolling your child in a sports or dance class that they would enjoy will also help in getting them ready for Prep. Even if you are there watching from the sidelines, they are learning to cope independently of you.
Before your child starts primary school, make sure you take them to any orientation days the school organises. It is important for them to have an idea what school will be like and where everything is before they start.
Being able to follow instructions is a key to literacy skills in prep and beyond.
“Try out two instructions to start with, and ask, ‘What would you like to wear today?’ and having them choose those items and put them on,” advises Tracey.
“When they come home, asking them to unpack the dishwasher or help set the table give the child a sense of, ‘I can do this!’”
If your preschooler is forgetful, easily distracted or suffers from 'selective hearing', try playing Simon Says, memory games, build an obstacle course, or give them some paper and a pencil and see if they can draw something based on your instructions.
Fine and gross motor skills
Building strength in a child’s hands and fingers as well as developing hand-eye coordination is vital for so many parts of their schooling.
“Climbing trees, picking flowers, cutting out foods they like from supermarket catalogues in the mail - doing these types of things will help them build the motor skills they will need to hold a pencil later on,” says Tracey.
Give them a selection of different scissors and hole punchers (under supervision of course) and provide a range of materials for them to cut, such as ribbon, card, tissue paper, wrapping paper, straws and leaves. Involve them in daily activities, such as cutting sausages and removing tags off clothes. The more textures they can experience, the better!
Water is a great way to immerse children in numeracy. Put together a bath time box containing measuring jugs, funnels, sieves, ladles, measuring spoons and toys and watch how they learn about counting, volume, space, shape and probability without even realising it.
“Have them count cars while you’re driving, or ask them to spot numbers on registration plates,” suggests Tracey. “Before dinner, ask them how many potatoes you’ll need if every family member has one or two. Or take them outside and have them count leaves and flower petals. There are endless ways to have them counting and building skills they’ll use for life.”
Sign up to the Get Ready for Prep newsletters.
Or, download our information booklet “30 skills your child needs before starting Prep”.